Greens–European Free Alliance


1989 (1984)

Members in the EP

67 from 705 deputies

Most important national parties

Bündnis '90 / Die Grünen (Germany), EELV (France), GroenLinks (Netherlands), MP (Sweden) 

Group Chairperson

Ska Keller (Germany), Philippe Lamberts (Belgium)

Political orientation

social-ecological, left-liberal, regionalistic
Logo Grüne / EFA

Ska Keller

Ska Keller

Philippe Lamberts

Philippe Lamberts

Position of the Greens

You are a member of the Green/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) group in the European Parliament. The group was founded in 1999. Its predecessor was the Rainbow Group, which was formed after the 1984 European elections and comprised Green and Left parties. As a Green Group, the Greens/EFA is primarily committed to sustainability, environmental protection, peace, social justice, equal rights for men and women and human rights. The group has a positive attitude towards European integration but would like to make the EU institutions more democratic. The principle of subsidiarity (before the EU takes action, the municipalities, regions and countries try to find solutions on their own) is also of great importance. In addition, the Greens/EFA call for a reshaping of the EU's values, as the Group's EU is currently too economically oriented. Social, cultural, and ecological values should play a greater role in the future. Furthermore, the Greens/EFA are in favour of more solidarity within and outside the EU. There are 20 committees in the European Parliament that specialise in particular issues. You belong to the "Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety" (ENVI).

Arguments and strategy


The Greens/EFA group calls for minimising car traffic in general and promoting public transport and rail transport to a greater extent. In addition, footpaths and cycle paths are to be extended throughout the country. The aim is to reduce the number of cars on the road. Environmentally harmful combustion engines are to be gradually banned. The Greens/EFA group demands that a fixed date be set for the definitive end of the combustion engine and proposes the year 2040. Subsidies on fossil fuels and thus on fuels such as diesel and petrol are to be ended by 2021. Cars should instead be equipped with quiet and clean drive technologies. Electric mobility can be one way to implement this. However, a subsidy for the purchase of electric vehicles must be accompanied by investments in an environmentally sound production and recycling process.


The Greens/EFA Group supports the European Commission's proposal to promote the development of green electricity. Massive investments in green energy sources are needed to achieve climate protection targets. Furthermore, the Greens/EFA Group supports investments in European energy infrastructure. This means better networking and joint coordination of energy supply in Europe so that energy can be used more efficiently.

Nuclear energy

Although nuclear power plants emit less pollutants than for example coal-fired power plants, nuclear energy is not sustainable energy. It is dangerous for people's health and for the environment. Therefore, the Greens/EFA Group supports the Commission's proposal not to support nuclear power from the Green Deal fund and furthermore demands that the European Union decides on a Europe-wide nuclear phase-out.

Last modified: Monday, 13 September 2021, 5:57 PM