Identity and Democracy (ID)

Year of Foundation

2019 (1984)

Memeber in the EP

76 from 705 deputies

Most important nationa parties

Lega (Italia), RN (France), AfD (Germany), FPÖ (Austria) 

Group chairperson

Marco Zanni (Italia)

Political orientation

right-wing extremism, national-conservativ, nationalistic, eu-sceptical
Marco Zanni

Marco Zanni

Position of ID

You belong to the Identity and Democracy (ID) Group as a Member of the European Parliament. ID emerged from the "Europe of Nations and Freedom" (ENF) group, which was represented in the European Parliament from 2015 to 2019. The group represents right-wing populist to extreme right-wing positions. The most strongly represented parties are the Italian "Lega" , the French "Rassemblement National" (RN) and the German "Alternative für Deutschland" (AfD). The ID sees itself as a Eurosceptic and right-wing populist group. It often opposes the course of the European Parliament. The individual parties represented in the group are united above all by the conviction that European politics should interfere as little as possible in national affairs and that the member states should be given more competences again. Jörg Meuthen of the German AfD, Vice-Chairman of the ID Group, envisions "a Europe of fatherlands [in which] national, regional and cultural characteristics are respected and defended". The party is often criticised for its racist and anti-immigrant rhetoric. There are 20 committees in the European Parliament that specialise in certain topics. They belong to the "Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety" (ENVI).

Arguments and strategy


The ID group is strongly opposed to the promotion of electromobility. It does not see a future for it because the batteries needed are not powerful enough and have a short life span. Moreover, the amount of electricity that would be needed for nationwide electromobility cannot be provided and the purchase of an electric car would be too expensive for the consumer even with a higher purchase premium. The end of the combustion engine should not be forced to not impair the economic strength of the automotive sector. If there is to be a switch to alternative drive technologies, these must assert themselves on the market on their own, without being supported by politics.


The ID group is in favour of measures to reduce CO² emissions in energy production. However, the top priority is to secure the countries' energy supply. Green energy sources alone cannot guarantee energy supply in the long term. The production of green energy depends on external factors such as sun, wind or the seasons. Even when weather conditions are good and energy production is high, the energy cannot be stored. In addition, green energy sources have a high material and land consumption, which in turn is harmful to the environment, people and also the economy. It would therefore be wrong to write off conventional energy sources such as oil, gas or coal. The ID group favours a broad energy mix of coal, mineral oil, natural gas, hydropower and nuclear power to ensure a reliable energy supply. Lignite in particular is an inexpensive raw material that can be mined within Europe for a long time to come, thus ensuring energy independence vis-à-vis foreign countries. The ID group is against a stronger interconnection of national energy markets in Europe. The coordination of energy production and supply is a national matter.

Nuclear energy
A reduction of energy production from fossil fuels is not realistic without the use of low-emission nuclear energy. However, the political discussion is too ideologically charged to realise that nuclear power generation is now one of the safest technologies. There are also already effective concepts for the problem of nuclear final storage at the international level. The ID group is therefore in favour of strengthening nuclear energy in the European energy mix again and also promoting it with money from the Green Deal.

Last modified: Friday, 1 October 2021, 12:01 PM